GLOSSARY

This glossary of the 1531 edition of Answer to More is based on The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary, (1971). All references with dates have been checked against The Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition [1989] on Compact Disk (1994). The glossary defines words whose meanings and forms are not easily recognizable, but it does not attempt to cover such normal 16c variants as c for t, e for 0, i for e, 0 for a, th for d, u for v and v for u, y for i and i for y, etc. It usually limits itself to the spelling and location of the first occurrence of a word, with etc. indicating a later use in the text. Thus, plurals of nouns and different tenses of verbs are omitted, unless another meaning is recorded. In listing page and line numbers, it gives precedence to a word in the body of the text over a sidenote because the latter might be the work of the 16c editor. Half a dozen Northern usages (ane, leppe, pleasant, power, shone, wauntage) may shed light on the origins of Tyndale's family. The glossary also contains: two entries found, not in the text but in the sidenotes (figured, soules slepe); two variants from 1573 with substantially different meanings from 1531 (inough, naught); problematic words from the sidenotes of 1573 (blasing, fast, frequented , lay, naughty, preferred, surely, swinge, wil). The glossary further includes: instances from Answer later (c10) than in OED; words, senses, phrases, and forms earlier than in OED for Tyndale (c40) and for More (c20); quotations from Answer (c50) used as examples by OED; and new usages in Answer (c1o) not found in OED. Because OED gives conflicting dates for many works cited , this account follows the revised STC for Tyndale and CWM for More. The abbreviation see n. refers the reader to the Commentary.

[examples]
before
adv. beforehand
conj. previous to the time when
betimes
also be tymes
adv. before it is too late
vttereth
also vttur
v. 1 pr. 3 s. gives expression to
v. make known the character of
make manifest
describe, report
[a]
abode
v. pa. stood firm
aboute
prep. somewhere on or near the person
ace
sb. single point, a jot
actually
adv. in reality not mystically
with deeds, practically
adamand
adj. very hard
advoutrye
sb. adultery
affeccion
sb. of affeccion from passion
after as
conj. according as
aftir
prep. according to
agayne
adv. in return
agenst
conj. by the time that
albe
sb. white vestment reaching to feet
all
adj. + pronoun the whole substance
all
sb. all to one to the same thing
allegeth
v. pr. 3 s. cites
al to
adv. phr. asunder to al to breake to break asunder
alwaye
adv. after all, still
al wayes
adv. phr. in all directions, every which way
amice
sb. oblong vestment of white linen worn around the shoulders over the alb
amonge
adv. all the while
and
if
but andbut if
and . . . and
conj. 1 both . . . and
ane
numeral adj. Northern variant for one
antistrephon
sb. antistrophon, i.e. an argument that is retorted upon an opponent
aparte
adv. aside
apayde
ppl. a. pleased
appelled
v. pa. appealed to a higher authority for deliverance from the adverse decision of a lower
apperinge
ppl. a. apparent, seeming
apposed
questioned
confronted with hard questions
appoyntement
sb. agreement, pact, contract
arow
adv. in succession
as
adv. as if, as though
a slepe
adv. brought a slepe caused to become asleep
assoyled
pp. resolved, solved
at
prep. on the occasion of
attendeth
v. pr. 3 s. listens
autenticke
adj. authoritative
awaye
adv. absent, wanting
a worth
adv. take(n) a worth borne patiently
axes
sb. access, ague, intermitting fever
[b]
babe
sb. a foolish fellow
bage
sb. badge, sign
bald
adj. destitute of meaning
barelie
adv. poorly, baldly
bate
sb. be at bate like a chained bear attacked by dogs
be
aux. v. Form of "be" with intrans. verb in perfect tenses to express the condition or state now attained, become [sic]
is come
haue be pp. form, 14–15c.
be
prep. by
bedged
v. pa. (Form not in OED) begged
vbl. sb. v. inf. beggar, impoverish
beestely
adv. irrational
beestlynesse
sb. unintelligence
before
adv. beforehand
before
conj. previous to the time when
behinde
adv. in the past
beleue
v. beleue in rely upon
belie
v. tell lies about
bely
adj. fleshly, carnal
bere
v. bere ... in hand delude
beshrew
v. curse
besydes
adv. in addition
besydes
away from
over and above
betell
sb. 2 insect taken as a type of blindness
betimes
also be tymes
adv. before it is too late
bigamus
adj. remarried after death of first wife
bisshopes
also busshopes
sb. pl. Translation of NT "episkopos," overseers, a class of officers in the early Christian church
blasing
vbl. sb2. blazing, boasting boasting
blere
v. inf. deceive, hoodwink
bogge
sb. bugbear, terror
bolles
sb. pl. bulls, papal edicts
bosh
sb 1. ivy bush as sign of tavern
bottes
sb. pl. parasitical worms or maggots
brestes
sb. pl. private thoughts and feelings
briddes
sb. pl. Metathesis for birds
bringeth
v. pr. 3 s. adduces (a statement or argument)
brode
sb. brood, crew
busy
adj. actively engaged
by and by
adv. phr. immediately
by
v. be
byde
v. byde out endure to the end
bydeth
v. pr. 3 s. remains
endures
bye
adv. near
bysshoped
pp. confirmed
[c]
canvesed
v.2 pp. solicited
canvesynge
pres. part. soliciting
captiue
v. captivate, enthrall
cast
v. cast . . . in the teeth reproach, upbraid
castynge
pres. part. devising, scheming
cauellacions
sb. pl. cavils, frivolous objections
causes
sb. pl. law cases, suits
cautels
sb. pl. strategems, sleights
certifie
v. pres. assure
chammeth
v. pr. 3 s. chews
chamminge
vbl. sb. chewing
charge
sb. responsibility
charite
sb. done my charite given alms
saint charite Christian love personified
patience
charite
v. Tyndale's coinage
charmes
sb. pl. incantations
chaunces
sb. pl. mischances, mishaps,
chauntrees
sb. pl. chapels endowed for the maintenance of one or more priests to sing daily mass for the souls of the founders or others specified by them
chresom cloth
sb. phr. chrisom-cloth, a white robe put on infant at baptism
church
a building for public Christian worship
officers of an ecclesiastical organization, especially the clergy
"Holy Church" as opposed to "State"
a local congregation
the Church Universal
the Invisible Church of the elect
any group having a common belief
churlishnesse
sb. rudeness, harshness
clame
v. pa. climbed
cleane
adv. cleane contrary adv. phr. entirely contrary
clerkes
sb. pl. scholars
clocke
sb. cloak, a bell-shaped cape. Clocks originally featured a bell for sriking the time.
combred
pp. perplexed
overthrown, routed
come
v. pres. come ... to result in
come
v. pa. came
comen
adj. comen charges ordinary expenses
comen wemen prostitutes
commissaries
n. pl. officers exercising spiritual jurisdiction as the representative of the bishop in parts of his diocese
companie
sb. Translation of "ekklesia" in Acts 19.32, band
persons casually brought together
compasynge
pres. part. contriving
compelled
ppl. a. compelled with constrained by
complayne
v. pres. lament
complayntes
sb. pl. grounds of complaint
complexcyon
sb. bodily constitution
disposition of mind, nature
comprehended
pp. included in a book
conclude
v. infer
v. pr. 3 s. decides
pp. confuted
condicions
sb. pl. morals, behavior
condicyon
v. make dependent on a condition to be fulfilled
contrary
adj. the opposite
conuersation
sb. behavior, mode of life
consorting
conveyaunce
sb. sleight of hand
conynge
adj. learned
corage
sb. inclination
sexual inclination, lust
corne
sb. grain
corosy
sb. a corrosive drug, remedy
corporiscloth
sb. a linen cloth upon which the consecrated elements are placed during the celebration of the Mass
coude
v. past subj. had they coude had they been able
counseled
v. pa. recommended a plan
took counsel with
course
sb. turn
craft
sb. trade
credence
sb. credence of belief in
credible
adj. trustworthy
cropen
pp. crept
[d]
dastard
sb. a dullard
daunger
sb. jurisdiction, power to inflict physical injury
declareth
v. pr. 3 s. explains, makes clear
degrees
sb. pl. ranks, grades, orders
departe
v. share
be severed
depe
adj. intense
depely
adv. solemnly
describeth
v. pres. gives a detailed account of
deserued
pp. merited
deuocion
sb. reverence
deuoure
sb. duty, appointed task
diligenterly
adv. more assiduously
diote
v. inf. to regulate a person's food as a punishment
disanull
v. inf. make null and void
disceaueablenesse
sb. deceivableness, deceitfulness
disceueable
adj. deceitful
discharged
pp. discharged of exempted from
disconsent
v. refuse consent
dispicience
sb. disputation
dispicions
sb. pl. disputations
doctrine
sb. knowledge
teaching
domme
adj. meaningless, stupid, senseless
done
adv. down
doo
v. to doo sb. phr. ado, business, fuss
doucheland
Germany
douchlonde
draffe
sb. dregs
dresse
v. inf. dresse . . . meate prepare for use as food
dulia
sb. veneration given to saints and angels
dunce
disciple of Duns Scotus, subtle reasoner
dutie
sb. due, debt
[e]
eare
sb. eareconfession sb. phr. auricular confession
elder
sb.3 Translation of NT "presbyteros," a class of officers in the early Christian church
electe
pp. chosen by God for salvation
electe
sb. 2 one chosen by God for salvation
endeuoure
sb. effort, strenuous attempt
endeuoure
v. refl. exert
endoted
pp. endow
enforme
v. inf. form
enserch
v. investigate
entreted
pp. treated (a subject)
enuye
sb. hostile feeling, ill-will
envye
v. inf. vie with
etherother
pron. each other
evidently
adv. clearly
excepte
ppl. a. excepted, exempted
excomunicat
pp. excluded by an authoritative sentence from participation in the sacraments
executed
pp. carried into effect
excercice
sb. disciplinary suffering, fasting
exercised
v. pa. gained skill by practice
pp. employed habitually, practised
experte
adj. experienced
expresly
adv. explicitly
[f]
faces
sb. pl. pretences
faintie
adj. faint, sickly
faith
sb. felinge faith conviction practically operative on the character and will
fall
sb 1. (Sense not in OED) abbreviated form of offal: refuse, waste
fanon
sb. short band corresponding with the stole, originally a kind of napkin worn on left wrist of celebrant at Mass
fareth
v. 1 pr. 3 s. fareth . . . foule with him selfe behaves in an ugly manner
fautie
adj. guilty of wrong-doing
faine
adj. glad under the circumstances
fast
adv. vigorously
fayne
v. fain, wish, desire
fayne
v. feign fayne them conjure up
faynedly
adv. feignedly, deceitfully
feare
v. inf. frighten
feleable
adj. manifest
fenix
sb. phoenix
ferre forth
adv. to the specified extent and no more
fett
v. pa. fett out fetched out, drew forth
v. inf. obtain
figure
sb. in logic, a form determined by the different position of the middle term in the premises of a syllogism
sb. pl. in rhetoric, the various forms of expression, deviating from the normal arrangment or use of words, adopted to give beauty, variety or force to a composition
figured
pp. represented typically, symbolically
fine
v. pres. pay a penalty
fled
pp. hastened for protection
for
prep. as a precaution against
fore-
prefix foresinnes sb. pl. previous sins
for that
conj. for the reason that
forth on
adv. forwards, onwards
forthynke
v. be sorry for, repent of
forthynkynge
vbl. sb. repentance
fought
pp. engaged in conflict
found
pp. set up, originated
frame
adj. (Form and meaning not in OED) square
framed
ppl. a. fashioned
frequented
pp. practised
frowardnesse
sb. perversity
fynde
v. support
pp. supported
[g]
gather
v. infer
gaye
adj. bright, showy
generacion
sb. breed, kind
geue
v. pres. concede, yield
gloses
sb. pl. marginal notes, expositions
goeth
v. pr. 3 s. goeth to get to work
goo
v. subj. 3 s. walk
good
adj. effectual
gorge
sb. cast his gorge express extreme disgust
grace
sb. Divine influence which regenerates and sanctifies humans
sexual favor
sb. pl. dispensations from some of the statuable conditions required for a university degree
graunt
sb. admission, acknowledgment
graunte
v. inf. to yield
greate
adj. eminent
grote
sb. groat, English coin issued 1351–1662 equal to four pence
gulden
sb. gold coin formerly current in the Netherlands and part of Germany
gylden
adj. overlaid with a thin coat of gold. Mistake for gilded, first use (3.), this instance. wonne his gylden spores to gain knighthood by some act of valor , to attain distinction
gyse
sb. custom
[h]
halt
v. inf. limp
halowenges
v. 1 vbl. sb. pl. consecrate (2.)
v.2 vbl. sb. pl. shout, in order to urge on dogs to the chase (2.)
hange on
v. inf. depend upon
happly
adv. perhaps
hard
adj. deep
hardye
adj. bold
haxeth
v. pr. 3 s. asks
heedinesse
sb. headiness, rashness, obstinacy
hedy
adj. headstrong, impetuous
henge
v. pa. hung
herber
sb. harbor, shelter
here of
adv. from this
here vn to
adv. to this matter
hertes
sb. intents, desires
heue
v. inf. strive, press with force
his
poss. adj. its
historicall
adj. historicall faith intellectual belief or assent
hold
v. pres, hold harde maintain one's position vigorously
holde
sb. refuge
honeste
adj. chaste
honestye
sb. honorable character
howseled
pp. administered the Eucharist
hye minded
adj. arrogant
[i]
Iack off napis
sb. jackanapes, name for a tame ape or monkey
Idole
sb. idol; applied polemically to any material object of worship in a Christian church
ieopardy
sb. risk of loss
iesteth
v. pr. 3 s. mocks
imageseruice
sb. phr. (Phrase not in OED) idolatry
imaginacion
sb. a mental image (often with the implication that the conception is false)
impassible
adj. incapable of suffering
improueth
v. pr. 3 s. disproves
pp. (meaning not in OED) discovered the false attribution of
inconuenientes
sb. pl. morally unfitting acts, abuses
indifferent
adj. impartial
indurat
ppl. a. hardened
in lyke wyse
adv. phr. in like manner
inough
adj. modifying sb. pl. enough
instantly
adv. urgently, persistently
interdyte
v. pres. cut off authoritatively from religious functions or privileges
inveyeth
v. pr. 3 s. violently reproaches
Irish
sb. pl. the wild Irish The tribes who lived "beyond the pale," not subject to English rule
iugled
v. pa. played tricks so as to cheat or deceive
iuglinge
ppl. a. deceptive
iugulars
sb. pl. jugglers, tricksters
iustifienge
vbl. sb. the action of making or accounting just
[k]
knowlege
sb. acknowledgement
kynd
sb. gender
sb. pl. kin, kindred
kynde
adj. grateful
[l]
lade
v. inf. load, chiefly in immaterial sense
late
adj. belonging to a recent period
later
adj. later end latter end, concluding part
lawe
sb. pl. laws
lay
v. 1 inf. attack, 1573 sidenote for
legendes
sb. pl. stories of lives of saints
leppe
v. Northern variant for leap
lerninge
vbl. sb. teaching
lett
sb. hindrance
lette
pp. prevent
v. inf. leave undone
like
adj. likely, probable
like
adv. likely
equally
like
v. subj. and it like if it please
limeteriers
sb. pl.
liste
v. pres. what him liste what is pleasing to him 185/5; wish
v. pr. 3 s. pleases
liuely
adj. living
vigorous
liuely
adv. as a living person
vigorously
liuynge
vbl. sb. manner of life
vbl. sb. income
longe
adj. tall
louely
adj. loving
lubboures
sb. pl. clumsy stupid fellows, especially those who live in idleness; frequently applied to monks
lucre
sb. profit
lust
sb. pleasure
sb. pl. desires
lust
v. desire, choose, wish
lye
v. pres. lye on tell lies about
lyenge
vbl. sb. sojourning
lyeth
v. pr. 3 s. exists, is found
[m]
mahometrie
Mahometry, idolatry
maior
adj. used absolutely premise of a syllogism which contains the major term
malapertenesse
sb. impudence
manchetes
sb. pl. small loaves of finest wheaten bread
manifest
adj. open to view or comprehension
marchaundice
sb. make marchaundice of traffic in
article of commerce
mary
sb. marrow
mastrie
sb. mastery, victory
mater
sb. maketh no mater it is of no importance
mayny
sb. meinie, multitude of persons
meane
v. pres. think, imagine
meates
sb. pl. foods in general
members
sb. pl. parts of the body
memory
sb. in a memory as a memorial, memento
mend
v. Aphetic form of amend
mendesmakynge
vbl. sb. reparation
might
sb. aboue might beyond their strength
minde
sb. judgment, opinion
ministre
v. pres. supply
v. inf. direct, manage
v. pr. 3 s. administers
minor
adj. used absolutely premise of a syllogism which contains the minor term
mischeue
sb. evil-doing, wickedness
mischevouse
adj. intending harm
miserable
misteries
sb. pl. secrets
misticall
adj. allegorical, symbolical
misticall body the Church
moare
adj. greater
to a greater extent
moare
adv. rather
mollyfye
v. inf. to soften in disposition
mornynge
vbl. sb. mourning
moue
v. inf. bring forward, propound (a question)
mowseth
v. pr. 3 s. tears like a cat with a mouse
multitude
sb. numerousness
[n]
Nai
adv. Used after affirmative clause
namely
adv. especially, particularly
napken
sb. pocket-handkerchief
naturall
adj. unregenerate
lawfully begotten
actually begotten, not adopted
naught
adj. worthless, useless
naughty
adj. bad, wrong,
necessite
sb. want, poverty
nede
sb. necessity
at nede a time of difficulty
of nede of necessity
nedeth
v. pr. 3 s. what nedeth to what need is there (to do something)
nere
adv. neuer the nere never the nearer
neuer the later
adv. nevertheless
No
adv. Used after negative clause
noseld
pp. nuzzled, nurtured (a person) in some opinion
nother
adv. neither
nother
pron. neither
no nother wise
adv. not other wise
nother ... ner
adv. neither ... nor
nought
adj. worthless, useless
immoral, vicious
injurious
nought
sb. nothing
to doo noughte to do wrong
noughty
adj. vile, bad
nurtoure
sb. discipline
[o]
occasions
sb. pl. opportunities (of sin)
sb. 1 affairs, business
occupienge
vbl. sb. engaging, busying
occupye
v. employ
v. pa. seized
of
prep. from, out of
office
sb. moral obligation, duty towards others
olde
adj. olden, bygone
(meaning not in OED) grown-up
long established
olders
sb. pl. elders
on
adj. the numeral one
the same
one
adv. on
open
adj. public
opened
pp. revealed
v. pr. 3s. reveals
opinatiue
adj. adhering obstinatively to one's own opinion
or
adv. ere, before, formerly
ordeyned
pp. predestined
v. pa. set up to continue in a certain order
ordinary
sb. customary fare
sb. pl. bishops
ordinaunce
sb. a religious usage authoritatively prescribed
other
adj. other ... or either ... or
other
adv. otherwise
other
pron. pl. others
out
adv. Transforms v. intr. into a compound v. trans.
[p]
parchment
sb. vn to the parchment in writing
parte
sb. interest, concern
partie
sb. side
sb. pl. parts of the world, regions
pateringe
vbl. sb. repeating prayers, e.g., Pater Noster, in a rapid mechanical manner
pax
sb. disk marked with a symbol of Christ which the priest and people kissed before receiving communion
pedelery
sb. pedlary, trumpery, rubbish
peperith
v. pr. 3 s. seasons (writing)
peperinge
vbl. sb. sprinkling with pepper
perfecter
sb. one who perfects, completes
pickquareles
sb. pl. quarrelsome persons
pied
ppl. a. parti-colored
playne
adj. level, calm
playne
adv. playne contrary adv. phr. entirely contrary
pleasant
adj. Northern variant for pleasing
pluralities
sb. pl. the holding of two or more benefices concurrently by one person
pocke
sb. a disease characterized by eruptive spots
poetisse
sb. female poet
polaxes
sb. pl. axes on a long pole
pole
sb. pool
poll
v. pres. rob, despoil, fleece
pollynge
vbl. sb. extortion, spoliation
pope holy
adj. used absolutely sanctimonious
popetrie
sb. puppetry, make believe
popery, the papal ecclesiastical system
popiniaye
sb. parrot; a type of empty conceit, in allusion to the bird's ... mechanical repetition of words and phrases, and thus applied contemptuously to a person
popish
adj. pertaining to popery (hostile term)
used absolutely
popishnesse
sb. popish doctrine or practice
pore
adj. unfortunate
pose
v.2 Aphetic form of appose; interrogate
potte
sb. 1 goeth ... to potte be cut in pieces like meat for the pot, be ruined
power
v. pres. Northern variant for pour
poynte
v. inf. point out, direct attention to
praye
v. ask earnestly
precession
sb. Error for procession
precyselye
adv. absolutely
preferred
pp. advanced, promoted
prepare
v. incline, dispose
present
adj. instant
preuelye
adv. privately, secretly
preuented
pp. anticipated by God's grace
v. provide beforehand against the recurrence of something
act before
act more quickly than
priapish
adj. obscene
price
sb. esteem, regard
probacion
sb. proof, demonstration
profession
sb. declaration of belief in and obedience to religion
promocions
sb. pl. preferments
pronounceth
v. pr. 3 s. announces authoritatively
prophete
v. imp. prophesy
proue
v. inf. test
v. pa. experienced
prouoke
v. inf. prouoke vn to rouse, spur on
invite
purchace
v. inf. intr. become rich
purchasynge
vbl. sb. obtaining, procuring
put
v. put ... downe abolish
put out pp. abolished
put to add
v. pr. 3 s. assumes
v. pr. 3 pl. posit
[q]
quarters
poss. sb. a quarter of a year
qui(c)keneth
v. pr. 3 s. gives life
stirs up
quite
adj. quit, free
quite
adv. entirely, altogether
[r]
rable
sb. a disorderly collection of immaterial things
rascall
sb. rabble, mob
rather
adv. more correctly
raueshed
pp. transported
raylars
sb. pl. revilers
rayle
v.4 abuse
rayleth on v. pr. 3 s. utters abusive language
reherse
v. repeat
v. pa. recited aloud in a formal manner
v. pr. 3 s. gives an account
reioce
v. inf. rejoyce
rekened
pp. attributed
reporte
v. refl. reporte me appeal
pres. part. refl.
reserued
pp. preserved
revell
sb. noisy merry-making
reuerence
sb. wythe reuerence apologetic phrase introducing offensive remark
right
adj. equitable
veritable
rightful, lawful
ryght
sb. of right rightfully, with justice
justifiable claim
roules
sb. pl. scrolls
rowme
sb. office, function; situation, employment
in whose rowmes satt occupied some administrative function
ruffeleth
v. 1 pr. 3 s. ruffeleth vpp involves in obscurity or perplexity
ryme
sb. with out ryme or reason without good sense
ryott
v. runne ... at ryott act without restraint
[s]
sacrament
sb. a sign, symbol
used absolutely the Eucharist
sacrithe
v. pr. 3. s. blesses
sad
adj. serious
sadnesse
sb. seriousness
santifie
v. inf. Variant of sanctify: purify, free from sin
satisfactory
sb. place of atonement
saue
conj. except
saye
sb.2 Aphetic form of assay a trial specimen, a sample
sauereth
v. pr. 3 s. sauereth not has a disagreeable taste
sauinge
prep. without offense to
scace
adv. Variant of scarce: barely
scacely
adv. Variant of scarcely: barely
schryuen
pp. confessed sins
sclenderly
adv. feebly, ineffectively
scolars
sb. pl. pupils
season
sb. a greate season an indefinite period of time 69/5; the meane season intervening time
selfe
pronominal adj. following the sb. thinges selfe workes selfescripture selfe
selfeminded
ppl. a. obstinate in one's opinion
sene
ppl. a. well sene well versed
sercheth
v. pr. 3 s. makes himself thoroughly acquainted with
serue
v. pres. offer prayer to
serues
sb. service, public worship
sete
sb. seat, authority
sb. pl. thrones
seuerall
adj. separate
shameth
v. pr. 3 s. feels shame
shauen
pp. tonsured
shewenge
vbl. sb. manner of putting a case
shewes
also showes
sb. 1 pl. feigned or misleading appearances
pageants, processions, or similar displays on a large scale
shyne
v. shyne to shine on
shone
sb. pl. Northern form of shoes
shore
v. pa. fleeced used satirically
shoren pp. shorn, tonsured
shoteancre
sb. sheet anchor, the largest anchor, used only in emergencies; last reliable hope
showe
sb. shoe
shriue
v. inf. refl. to make one's confession
silogismus
sb.sb. pl. syllogism, argument in form of major premise, minor premise and conclusion
sily
also syly
adj. silly: unlearned
deserving of compassion
similitude
sb. parable
comparison between two things
likeness
symbolic representation
sindon
sb. shroud, specifically Christ's
singular
adj. separate
sith
conj. seeing that, since
skill
v.1 skill of have knowledge of
slake
v. inf. lessen
sleues
sb. pl. in their sleues at their disposal
sneveled
ppl. a. soiled with snivel (mucus from nose)
so
adv. so moch as to such an extent as
so
conj. so long as, if only
sodomitrie
sb. sodomy
so euer
adv. whatsoever used with emphatic force
sofre
v. pres. are the object of an action
refl. allow themselves to be treated
solue
v. inf. resolve, explain, answer
solutions
sb. pl. explanations, answers
sondry
adj. distinct, different
sore
adj. difficult to bear
oppressively heavy
sore
adv. greatly
Soules slepe
sb. phr. (Phrase not in OED) doctrine that soul sleeps between death and Last Judgment
sowed
pp. attached
soyle
v. expound, explain
refute
space
sb. extent of time
spare
v. refrain from
sped
pp. sped of to be provided with
spede
v. spede wel thrive
spite
sb. in spite of (mine) herte despite (my) desire
splayenge
vbl. sb. 1 extension
stablish
v. Variant of establish reinforce, strengthen rather than found or set up
starke
adj. starke deed quite dead
stere
v. stere ... vpp rouse to action, set in motion
stere op stir up
v. pa. raised up, called into being
stinte
sb. allotted amount, customary portion
stole
sb. vestment consisting of a narrow strip of silk or linen, worn over the shoulders (over the left shoulder only for a deacon) and hanging down to the knees
stonde
v. stonde with agree with
v. pr. 3 s. remains in a specified condition
how stondeth what is the relation
continues unimpaired
remains valid
stoppeth
v. pr. 3 s. stoppethout shuts out, excludes
storifaith
sb. phr.
storyes
sb. pl. historical relations, especially from the Bible
stronge
adj. having great moral power
studie
v. inf. to endeavor
v. meditate upon
studyed
ppl. a. learned, skilled
stues
sb.2 stews, brothel
stycke
v.1 stycke with; haggle with
sundrie
adj. different, distinct
surely
adv. steadfastly
swapp
v. pres. strike, hit
swere
v. swere ... for answer for under oath
swinge
sb.1 sway, authority
[t]
take
pp. Variant of taken
teeth
sb. pl. 152/19. See cast. tethes the teeth of several persons
temperaltie
sb. the temporal peers and the commons as opposed to the spirituality, i.e., clergy
termes
sb. pl. technical expressions
testament
sb. a covenant between God and man
that
rel. pron. what, that which
the
def. art. in place of poss. pron. for a part of the body his
then
conj. Ellipsis for other than: except
therby
adv. by that, because of that
get possession of that
therfore
adv. on that account
therin
adv. upon that
therof
adv. of that
from that
therthorow
adv. by reason of that, thereby
therto
adv. besides
to that thing
for that purpose
therwith
adv. because of that
with that act
thither
adv. to that place
thryftes
sb. pl. savings
thynge
sb. attribute, property
business, matter
to
adv. added to expressing addition
seled to expressing contact especially with verbs of shutting
tot quottes
sb. pl. dispensations to hold as many ecclesiastical benefices as the holder can get, from Lt. "tot quot," "as many as there may be"
tough
adj. viscous, sticky
towarde
prep. with regard to
towardnesse
sb. inclination, willingness
towseth
v. pr. 3 s. tears at like a dog
trie
v. test the truth of
trueth
sb. fidelity
turmoyled
pp. agitated
twich
Obsolete form of touch
v. inf. rebuke
pres. subj. allude to
v. pa. came in contact with
tyme
sb. the general state of affairs at a particular period
[v]
variaunce
sb. discord, dissension
vauntage
sb. Aphetic form of advantage: an additional amount
vayne
adj. unprofitable, unavailing
foolish
vertu
sb. moral efficacy
verye
adj. true
veritable
visett
v. inf. supply (with some benefit)
vnexecuted
ppl. a. not carried out
vnions
sb. pl. the uniting of two or more benefices into one
vnkyndnesse
sb. unnatural conduct
vnprouided
ppl. a. unprepared (to make a reply)
vnsensible
adj. insensible, not having the faculty of sensation
vnto
prep. with regard to
vnwashe
pp. unwashed
volowed
pp. baptised
vplondish
adj. rustic, rude
vpp come
pp. risen up
vse
sb. the vse custom
sb. pl. functions, offices
vttereth
also vttur
v. 1 pr. 3 s. gives expression to
v. make known the character of
make manifest
describe, report
[w]
-warde
suffix having a specified direction to, (vn)to godwarde
wauntage
sb. Northern variant for vantage: advantage, profit
wayte
v. 1 inf. wayte on to attend to a duty
be in readiness to receive orders
v. pr. 3 s. wayteth on
wayteth vppon awaits the religious conversion of
we(a)lth
sb. well-being
were
rel. adv. where, in the place in which
were with
rel. adv. where with, whereby
werketh
also worketh
v. pr. 3 s. brings about, produces
does, performs
weyhousse
sb. a public building to which commodities are brought to be weighed
what someuer
pron. whoever
w(h)erfore
rel. adv. for which
on which account
wher(e)of
adv. wherewith, whereby
interrog. adv. whence
whether
pron. which of the two
which
rel pron. introducing a defining clause who
whom
sb. home
whother
rel. adv. whither, to whatever place
why
sb. reason, cause
wife
sb. woman
wil
adj. wild, erring, 1573 sidenote for
with al(l)
adv. with that
prep. in post-position with
with out
adv. outside of the inward being
with
out prep. beyond
outside
witte
sb. intellect
sb. pl. mental faculties
wold
optative v. would that by ... wold to christes bloude
wold too christes passyon
wolward
adv. wolward goinge wearing wool next to one's skin as a penance
wonderful
adj. astonishing
wondred
v. pa. marvelled
wordlie
adj. worldly
worke
v. cause, produce
worlde
sb. the worldes ende the end of time
worshepful
adj. imposing, honorable
worsheple
adj. worshiply, honorable
worshepe
v. pres. honor
worth
adj. of spiritual value, moch worth worth much
nought worth worth nothing
wother
adj. Variant of other
wo(o)ther
pron. Variant of other
pl. others
wother
rel. adv. whither
wother wise
adv. Variant of otherwise
wrought
pp. performed
v. pa. acted, caused
labored
pp. changed, converted
wyll
sb. desire
wyll
v. 1 inf. not to wyll vse to persist in not using
v. pr. 3 s. means, maintains
[y]
yee
adv. yea, used after affirmative clause
yeldeth
v. pr. 3 s. refl. surrenders, submits
yere
sb. partitive gen. years
yes
adv. Used after negative clause
yet
adv. in addition, furthermore
ynow
adj. pl. of enough
yperdulia
sb. hyperdulia; superior veneration given to Mary