Estin Bon (4th USCT Cavalry)

Estin Bon was born around 1824 in Charlottesville, Virginia. He later moved to Rapides Parish, Louisiana, where he served as an enslaved waiter on Mrs. Francis Sprigg's Flowerton Plantation. He married Viney Davis in 1861 on the Flowerton Plantation, and they had at least seven children: Estin, born January 6, 1867; Henry, born December 2, 1868; William, born October 24, 1877; Viney, born May 10, 1882; Eliza, born November 18, 1884; Gertrude, born May 23, 1887; and Rosa, born December 15, 1890.

Bon enlisted as a private on August 12, 1864, and mustered in on August 26 in New Orleans, Louisiana. His service record described him as 5 feet, 9 inches tall, with black hair, black eyes, and dark complexion. He served in Company C of the 4th USCT Cavalry Regiment, which spent the next year stationed in Louisiana and Mississippi. Bon participated in the defense of Baton Rouge from August 1864 to July 1865. Bon received two promotions during the war, becoming a corporal on November 29, 1864, and a sergeant on January 1, 1865. He later claimed to receive a debilitating hernia from "wearing tight belts while in the service of the U.S." Bon mustered out at New Orleans on March 20, 1866.

Following the war, Bon returned to Rapides Parish, Louisiana, where he lived for the rest of his life. He began receiving a pension in the early 1890s for a "complete left ingroinal hernia." In 1894, however, the government reduced his pension to $6 per month, because his medical records failed to demonstrate a completely incapacitating condition. Bon died of heart disease on August 5, 1899, on the Flowerton Plantation. His son Harry secured a pension for Bon's two surviving minor children, Gertrude and Rosa, in 1901.

Name:Bon, Estin
Alternative names:
  • Soldier
4th Regiment Cavalry U.S. Colored TroopsC
Branch of service:Army
Enlistment1864-08-12New Orleans, LAaccepted40Slave
Muster In1864-08-26New Orleans, LA
Muster Out1866-03-20New Orleans, LAMustered Out
Residence at enlistment:Flowerton Plantation Rapides Parish, LA
Rank In:Private
Rank Out:Sergeant
Highest rank achieved:Sergeant
Person 1Person 2NumberRelation Type
Bon, EstinBon, Estin1026278application-invalid
Bon, EstinBon, Rosa706482application-minor
Bon, EstinBon, Gertrude706482application-minor
Bon, EstinBon, Estin748365certificate-invalid
Bon, EstinBon, Rosa522538certificate-minor
Bon, EstinBon, Gertrude522538certificate-minor
Birth date:1824
Birth date certainty:About
Birth place:Charlottesville, VA
Death date:1899-08-05
Death place:Flowerton Plantation Rapides Parish, LA
Causes of death:disease: heart disease
Person 1Relation TypePerson 2
Bon, Estinparent ofBon, Rosa
Bon, Estinparent ofBon, Gertrude
Bon, Estinparent ofBon, Estin
Bon, Estinparent ofBon, Henry
Bon, Estinparent ofBon, William
Bon, Estinparent ofBon, Viney
Bon, Estinparent ofBon, Eliza
Sprigg, Mrs. Francisowner ofBon, Estin
Bon, Viney D.wife ofBon, Estin

Compiled Service Records for Estin Bon, RG94 National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, D.C.; Pension Records for Estin Bon, RG15, NARA, Washington D.C.