Joshua Wells (68th USCT)

Joshua Wells was born around 1827 in Albemarle County, Virginia, and worked as a farmer before the war. He eventually made his way to Ashley County, Missouri, where he registered for the Union draft. He enlisted in the Union army on May 6, 1864, in Louisiana, Missouri, and he mustered in as a private in Company H of the 68th USCT Infantry Regiment on May 27 at Benton Barracks in St. Louis. His enlistment records describe him as 5 feet, 5 inches tall, with black hair, black eyes, and a black complexion. His regiment took part in the defense of Memphis, Tennessee, until February 1865. The men then served in Louisiana and Florida before participating in the Siege of Fort Blakely in April 1865. During the siege, on April 7, a musket ball hit Wells's left groin, causing a severe injury. The army discharged him for disability on June 24, 1865, at Greenville, Louisiana. 

After the war, Wells settled in Pike County, Missouri, and he married Lucinda Baker there on October 9, 1868. According to witnesses, both Wells and Lucinda had been previously married. Wells had a son named James, but it is unclear who James's mother was. Wells continued to suffer from his wartime injuries, and he applied for a pension in 1871. Four years later, the government granted him a $2 monthly pension backdated to 1865. Wells died on September 25, 1884, and Lucinda passed away around November 1894. 

Name:Wells, Joshua
Alternative names:
  • Soldier
68th Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops H
Branch of service:Army
Enlistment1864-05-06Louisiana, MOaccepted37Unknown
Muster In1864-05-27Benton Barracks St. Louis, MO
Muster Out1865-06-24Greenville, LADischarged for Disability
Residence at enlistment:Pike County, MO
Rank In:Private
Rank Out:Private
Highest rank achieved:Private
Person 1Person 2NumberRelation Type
Wells, JoshuaWells, Joshua206830application-invalid
Wells, JoshuaWells, Lucinda324263application-widow
Wells, JoshuaWells, Joshua147790certificate-invalid
Wells, JoshuaWells, Lucinda256120certificate-widow
Birth date:1827
Birth date certainty:About
Birth place:Albemarle County, VA
Death date:1884-09-25
Death place:Missouri
Causes of death:
Occupations:Farmer, Laborer
Person 1Relation TypePerson 2
Wells, Joshuaparent ofWells, James
Wells, Lucindawife ofWells, Joshua

Compiled Service Records for Joshua Wells, RG94, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, D.C.; Pension Records for Joshua Wells, RG15, NARA, Washington, D.C.; United States Federal Census, 1880; Last Will and Testament of Joshua Wells; U.S. Civil War Draft Registrations, 1863-1865, accessed through; Frederick A. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, vol. 3 (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Company, 1908).