Alexander Jackson (55th MA Colored)

Alexander Jackson was born around 1843 in Albemarle County, Virginia. His parents were James and Patcy Jackson, and his brother Manuel Jackson served alongside Alexander in the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. While born into slavery, Jackson was likely freed by his owner and moved to Ohio from Virginia in the fall of 1854. Jackson worked on his father's farm prior to the war.

Jackson enlisted as a private at the age of 20 on June 5, 1863, and mustered in 10 days later in Readville, Massachusetts. Jackson's service record describes him as 5 feet, 7 inches tall, with black hair, black eyes, and a dark complexion. He served in Company G of the 55th Massachusetts, the sister regiment of the famed 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. Jackson was wounded in action at Fort No. 2 Long Island, South Carolina, on February 11, 1865. Jackson remained at the general hospital in Beaufort, South Carolina, until his death on March 5, 1865. Army surgeons listed inflammation of the lungs as Jackson's cause of death. His father James successfully applied for and received his son’s unclaimed bounty money but was unable to obtain a parent’s pension in the early 1870s.


Alexander Jackson to His Aunt, October 7, 1864

Name:Jackson, Alexander
Alternative names:
  • Soldier
55th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Colored)G
Branch of service:Army
Enlistment1863-06-05Readville, MAaccepted20Free
Muster In1863-06-15Readville, MA
Muster Out1865-03-05General Hospital Beaufort, SCDeath
Residence at enlistment:Ohio
Rank In:Private
Rank Out:Private
Highest rank achieved:Private
Person 1Person 2NumberRelation Type
Jackson, AlexanderJackson, James188046application-parent
Birth date:1843
Birth date certainty:About
Birth place:Albemarle County, VA
Death date:1865-03-05
Death place:General Hospital Beaufort, SC
Causes of death:disease: inflammation of the lungs
Person 1Relation TypePerson 2
Jackson, Manuel Psibling ofJackson, Alexander
Jackson, Jamesparent ofJackson, Alexander
Jackson, Patchyparent ofJackson, Alexander

Compiled Service Records for Alexander Jackson, RG94, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, D.C.; Pension Records for Alexander Jackson, RG15, NARA, Washington, D.C.