John Reed (27th USCT)

John Reed was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, around 1844 to Edmund and Mary J. Reed. His brother was Isaiah Reed, who served in Company A of the 5th USCT Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. In 1852, his owner John Fowles brought his fifty slaves to Ohio, set them free, and gave them pieces of a 1000-acre tract of land. Edmund Reed received forty acres, and John worked for Joseph (or James) Pennington on a neighboring farm to help support the family. 

John Reed enlisted in the Union army on March 3, 1864, near Morrow County, Ohio. Reed described himself as a laborer, and his enlistment records describe him as 5 feet, 11 inches tall, with brown hair, brown eyes, and a brown skin complexion. On March 8, 1864, he mustered in as a private in Company E of the 27th USCT Infantry Regiment near Camp Delaware, Ohio. Reed, however, quickly contracted pneumonia, and he died at Camp Delaware on March 29, 1864. In 1870, his mother Mary J. Reed began receiving a pension of $8 a month because John had previously supporting her. The government dropped the pension in 1884.


John Reed to Mary J. Reed

Testimony of Martha Cousins on behalf of Mary J. Reed

Name:Reed, John
Alternative names:
  • Soldier
27th Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored TroopsE
Branch of service:Army
Enlistment1864-03-03Morrow County, OHaccepted20Free
Muster In1864-03-08Camp Delaware, OH
Muster Out1864-03-29Camp Delaware, OHDeath
Residence at enlistment:Pee Pee Township Pike County, OH
Rank In:Private
Rank Out:Private
Highest rank achieved:Private
Person 1Person 2NumberRelation Type
Reed, Johnnoneapplication-invalid
Reed, Johnnoneapplication-minor
Reed, JohnReed, Mary J.231936.0application-parent
Reed, Johnnoneapplication-widow
Reed, JohnReed, Edmund190388.0certificate-parent
Birth date:1844
Birth date certainty:About
Birth place:Albemarle County, VA
Death date:1864-03-29
Death place:Camp Delaware, OH
Causes of death:disease: pneumonia
Person 1Relation TypePerson 2
Reed, Johnsibling ofReed, Isaiah
Reed, Edmundparent ofReed, John
Reed, Mary J.parent ofReed, John
Fowles, Johnowner ofReed, John

Compiled Service Records for John Reed, RG94, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, D.C.; Pension Records for John Reed, RG15, NARA, Washington, D.C.; United States Federal Census, 1860, accessed through